GEORG LUKACS. History and Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. II The Antinomies of Bourgeois. Lukács’ Reification and the Class Consciousness of the Proletariat is a disorganized but masterful essay written in the aftermath of the greatest. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.

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These are no more than random instances. This final lukas of thought already points towards a social utopia: Thus, the contrast between everyday life and art is not one between experience yhe validity but between the heterogeneity of everyday life and the homogeneous form appropriate to the autonomy of experience GW Although the focus of the essay is consciousness and its reified states, that from which all other categories are deduced and take shape from is the commodity form itself.

Not until the rise of capitalism was lkkacs unified economic hence a – formally – unified structure of consciousness that embraced the whole society, brought into being. Frankfurt School philosopher Axel Honneth reformulates this key “Western Marxist ” concept in terms of intersubjective relations of recognition and power in aand recent work Reification Oxford, But the paradox dissolves when we realise that it arises only because the same situation has been regarded from consciousnses different points of view: Only in this case, life can have a meaningful form which is not a mere restriction.

From this purposeful movement away from these forms, it is possible to see the ideological problems of capitalism and its downfall more clearly. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon. But this simply shifts the question from the main issue to more and more derivative and reified stages without ,negating the formalism of the method and the elimination from the outset of the reificagion material underlying it. On this point see Section Ill. There is no need to spell out the fact that for us these are both merely aspects of the same dialectical unity.

English translations are cited where available. Even Roman Law, which comes closest to these developments while remaining, in modern terms, within the framework of pre-capitalist legal patterns, does not in this respect go beyond the empirical, the concrete and the traditional.


It is through reificayion own movements that he establishes equivalence. In modernity, epic writing has no longer any distinct form that could express any particular relation between life and essence within a totality. This is most explicitly discussed in his two attempts at a systematic philosophy of reificatioj. But for this the question of class would have to begin with the machine.

This dualism between subject and object—and in ethics, between norms and facts—haunts modern philosophy.

Georg [György] Lukács

However, if that class then begins to experience these very same valuations as problematic or sterile, this signifies the beginning of its downfall GW Anx and the Consciousness of the Proletariatin, Kearney, R. Before the development of modern capitalism, any one product was the visible and organic unity of a series of different operations.

The prime object of his discussion is the epic: Weber, Standort der Industrien, espe cially p. But that is not all. Both individual and social life is in principle capable of forming an integrated totality.

The primacy of the social totality not only affects the Marxist method, but also the conception of practice and the underlying social ontology: For man, however, the root is man himself. The social relation is consummated in the relation of a thing, of money, to teh. Indeed, they divorce these empty manifestations from their real capitalist foundation and make them independent and permanent by regarding them as the timeless model of human relations in general.

But with the difference that not every mental faculty is suppressed by mechanisation; only one faculty or complex of faculties is detached from the whole personality and placed in opposition to it, becoming a thing, a commodity. For Ricardo the process of the total reproduction thf capital where this problem cannot be avoided is no longer a central issue.

The essence of commodity-structure has often been pointed out. Email required Address never made public. This implies that objects are transformed into proletarjat and subjects are turned into objects, with the result that subjects are rendered passive or determined, while objects are rendered as the active, determining factor.

As in insurance schemes, etc. In that event the real, material substratum of the law would at one stroke become visible and comprehensible.


Hegel sees externalization that is, the fact that the objects of our labor and the institutions of society are independent of our consciousness not as a deficiency, but rather as a necessary stage in the development of self-consciousness.

Georg [György] Lukács (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Rationalisation in the sense of being able to predict with ever greater precision all the results to be achieved is only to be acquired by the exact proldtariat of every complex into its elements and by the study of the special laws governing production. Accordingly it must declare war on the organic manufacture of whole products based on thf traditional amalgam of empirical experiences of work: Whereas the objectively relatively stable, traditional craft production preserves in the minds of its individual practitioners the appearance of something flexible, something constantly renewing itself, something th by the producers.

He attempts to synthesize these two types through his interpretation of fetishism as reification. Oppression and an exploitation that knows no bounds and scorns every human dignity were known even to pre-capitalist ages.

Thus even the individual object which man confronts directly, either as producer or consumer, is distorted in its objectivity by its commodity character.

Lukács: Reification and the Class Consciousness of the Proletariat – Counterfire

University of North Carolina Press. This consciousness remains only an objective possibility, always threatened by the ths of the immediate consciousness. Ideology and consciousness in capitalist society The commodity form exerts its influence more broadly.

This problem becomes virulent in modernity where the form of life is no longer something unproblematically present. It will then find that the reificattion lying beyond its confines, and in particular the material base which it is its task to understand, its own concrete underlying reality lies, methodologically and in principle, beyond its grasp.

A treatise in the sociology of knowledge. Inthe family was admitted into the nobility.