The Ipperwash Inquiry. This is an archive of the Ipperwash Inquiry website, which was last updated in June and will not be updated further. If you have. The Ipperwash Inquiry was established by the Government of Ontario on November 12, , under the Public Inquiries Act. Its mandate was to inquire and. Report of the Ipperwash Inquiry. ‘The Honourable Sidney B. Linden, Commissioner’–Cover. Includes bibliographical references and index. Subject(s): Ojibwa.

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Several members of the Stoney Point Ojibway band occupied the park to assert their claim to nearby land which had been expropriated from them during World War II.

Ipperwash Crisis

George was unarmed when an OPP officer fired and killed him, believing the stick he held in his hand was a weapon. The shooting of Dudley George came a day after newly elected Ontario premier Mike Harris told the OPP “I want the fucking Indians out of the park”, according to a former attorney general.

The ensuing controversy was a major event in Canadian politics. In a provincial inquiry was started after a change in government. Linden led the investigation of events, which was completed in the fall of They also promised to return the land after the war ended. The Natives rejected the offer. The First Nations claim that the grounds contain a burial site.

As ofarchaeological surveys have established that such a site does indeed exist. As early aswhile Camp Ipperwash was still being used as a summer training centre for the Royal Canadian Army Cadetsa few natives had occupied portions of the camp and the adjacent piece of land.

After the summer ofthe government moved the cadet camp to CFB Borden. There was growing tension about the base at Camp Ipperwash.

On Labour Day Monday, September 4,a group of natives started a protest in Ipperwash Provincial Park to draw attention to the ipperwaeh land claims. After the park closed at 6: About thirty-five protestors occupied the park. The ipperwqsh had been threatening occupation since the spring.

But, when a protester from the group smashed the window of a police cruiser, the OPP pulled back from the Park. The plan stressed niquiry peaceful resolution” and called for a team of two negotiators to be on call around the clock.

Marcel Beaubien was in contact with the police the following day, [4] and Beaubien also contacted the office of the PremierMike Harris [5] in an attempt to put pressure on the government to intervene. On Inqiiry 5,Premier Harris and several government officials met to discuss the Ipperwash protest. The meeting notes concluded that “the province will take steps to remove the occupiers as soon as possible.

On Wednesday, the OPP became concerned about a group of protesters who had wandered outside the Park and into the Sandy Park lot area adjacent to the cottages.

The group were allegedly carrying bats and sticks in their hands. The number of protesters has been debated, although police reports indicate a group of up to 8. There was also misinformation about damage that had been done to a Band Councillor’s car by this group of protesters.


The damage to the Councillor’s car was by a rock thrown by one of the protesters who took exception to an article the Councillor had written disapproving of the occupation. A rumour started that the protesters smashed up the vehicle of a female driver with baseball bats, a report that was later found by Justice Sidney Linden to be false and misleading.

Out of public safety concerns, the OPP decided to deploy the crowd management unit CMU to force the protesters back into the park. The CMU was a riot squad armed with steel batons, shields and helmets. The OPP intended a show of force to move the protesters back inside the park. On Wednesday evening, police riot squads marched down to the Sandy Parking Lot to confront the protesters. One protester, Cecil Bernard George, approached the police peacefully according to the protesters, violently according to police reports.


George was taken down and surrounded by police and arrested. Protesters attempted to rescue George from the arrest by the police units. This resulted in a riot. A car and a school bus driven by protesters started out of the park to assist the protesters in their fight against police. According to police unquiry, there was gunfire from these vehicles, but First Nations protesters have insisted they had no weapons in the park that night.

Among the TRU members was Acting Sergeant Ken “Tex” Deane, a senior officer in charge of a four-man sniper team with the job of escorting the force’s crowd management unit. Deane was near the park entrance and fired three shots at Dudley George, who was about fifteen feet from the park entrance, [9] and was hit and badly injured.


George’s sister Carolyn and brother Pierre attempted to ippwrwash him to the local hospital for treatment but were arrested and delayed by the OPP for over an hour. George was declared dead at Acting Sergeant Ken Deane October — February 25, was convicted ippeerwash criminal negligence causing death. The judge rejected Deane’s claim, stating that he had invented it “in an ill-fated attempt to disguise the fact that an unarmed man had been shot”. He was to testify at the Ipperwash inquiry in a few weeks.

The George family repeatedly called ippfrwash the Ontario ipperrwash federal governments to launch an inquiry into the events at Ipperwash.

The public inquiry was funded by the Government of Ontario but conducted by a neutral third party, Sidney B. Lindenpursuant to his powers as commissioner established under the Ontario Public Inquiries Act.

The inquiry’s mandate was to inquire and report on events surrounding the death of Dudley Ipperwasg. The inquiry was also asked to make recommendations that would avoid i;perwash in similar circumstances in the future. The inquiry was neither a civil nor criminal trial. During the inquiry, a minute tape recording surfaced that cast new light on the niquiry at Ipperwash. They discussed Premier Mike Harris’s view that the government has “tried to pacify and pander to these people far too long” and to use “swift affirmative action” to remove them from the park.


Other testimony has further put the Harris government in a bad light. In particular, former Harris aide Deb Hutton repeatedly testified in November, that she couldn’t remember any specific conversations. This led Julian Falconeracting as counsel for Aboriginal Legal Services of Iperwash, to pointedly remark on cross-examination that Hutton had used phrases to the effect of “I don’t ipperrwash on separate occasions in her in-chief testimony.

Former Premier Mike Harris appeared before the inquiry on February 14, He testified that he had never said the statement attributed to him by Harnick. The evidentiary hearings of the inquiry ended on June 28, Justice Linden’s final report and findings of the inquiry were released on May 31, According to Aboriginal Affairs Minister Michael Bryantthe land will be fully returned over an unspecified period of time, until the Chippewas have full control.

The settlement was finalized on April 14, Chief Thomas Bressette signed the agreement on behalf of the band. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ipperwash disambiguation. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.

The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 13 February Beaubien says that although he couldn’t confirm that i;perwash spoken to Staff Sergeant Lacroix on the morning of the 5th, he had a good relationship with Lacroix and spoke to him frequently. Also, Beaubien’s inwuiry day planner, entered as an inquiry exhibit, confirms the meeting. Beaubien’s fax to Bill King in the Premier’s office was also entered as an exhibit.

Beaubien testified that “Well, basically I’m giving him a heads up that here’s a press release that’s going to go out. But I felt that, hey, I got to get some attention here”.

The Lilith Gallery Network. Retrieved 3 February Deane Archived at the Wayback Machine. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved April 15, Retrieved from ” https: Indigenous conflicts in Canada Ontario political scandals Protest-related deaths in Canada in Ontario Indigenous peoples in Ontario in Ontario Canadian commissions and inquiries Conflicts in Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Archived copy as title All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Iinquiry needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles with unsourced inqiury from October Views Read Edit View history.

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