Federal Constitution (Modification. of Laws) (Ordinances and. Proclamations) Order Ord. 26/ Small Estates (Distribution). DISTRIBUTION ACT We are a law firm based at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia specializing in various legal practice. Contact us at + for more. Distribution Act applies only for West Malaysia and Sarawak. Issue means children and descendants of children Parent(s) – natural mother or father of a.

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Spouse, Issue and Parent s. D will be entitled to the remaining one-half in the form of trusts set out in section 7 1. After Act A, a parent or parents are entitled to a share of the estate of the intestate daughter or son so long as they survive their deceased child, regardless of whether the deceased had left a spouse or issue, or a spouse and issue, or no spouse and issue.

This new provision will benefit old and infirm parents who have depended on their deceased daughter for their support. In the case where the deceased was a daughter, the parents had no share in her estate unless she died without a husband or issue. Needless to say, the shares of G and H are contingent and are held in trust until they attain majority or marry under that age. Why Should You do Estate Planning?

As is obvious from what has been mentioned earlier, before Act A, the fact that an intestate married woman was survived by her issue or a parent or parents was irrelevant because the surviving husband was entitled to the whole of her estate. In the case where the deceased was a son, the parents were not entitled to any share where he left issue. What is Estate and Estate Planning?

It also failed to provide for old and infirm parents of an intestate, who were dependent upon the pembahaian during her life-time. E is survived by a spouse, F, and two infant children, G and H. What is a Trust? What are the Advantages of a Will Wasiyyah?


It is hoped that this article will serve as a supplement pembahagiab the above mentioned well researched and detailed work of Associate Professors P Balan and Rafiah Salim as they then were.

How Your Estate is distributed under Distribution Act (Died intestate)

By virtue of the new section 6 1 dif the intestate was unmarried, or if the intestate is not survived by a spouse or issue, the surviving parent or parents are entitled to the whole of the estate. A died in Part Qkta deals with the changes where a married man dies intestate. An important point to note is that the parents are entitled to a share even where the deceased has left issue.

As a result of the new provision, his brothers and sisters are no longer entitled to a share of his estate. As a result of the currently in force section 6 1 aif the deceased husband leaves no issue or parent or parents, the surviving wife is now entitled to the whole of his estate.

Where under the provisions of section 6, the estate of an intestate or any part thereof is directed to be held on the trusts set out in this section for the issue of the intestate, the same shall be held in trust in equal shares if more than one for all or any of the children or child of the intestate living at the death of the intestate, who attain pembahagiwn age of majority or marry under that age, and for all or any of the issue living at the death of the intestate, who attain the age of majority or marry under that age, of any child of the intestate pembahagin predeceases the intestate, such issue to take through all degrees according to their stocks, in equal shares if more than one, the share which their parent would have taken if living at the death of the intestate, and so that no issue shall take whose parent is still living at the death of the intestate and so capable of taking.

It is commendable that the legislature has finally recognised that the distinction between the rights of intestate succession of a surviving husband and those of a surviving wife could no longer sustain in a modern era. Married man dies leaving. Part IV is about the position where an unmarried person dies intestate, or where a person, though married, dies intestate without leaving a surviving pembaagian or issue; these persons may be a male or a female.


The purpose of the present article is to set out these changes by highlighting the differences in the law before and after the enforcement of Act A This has greatly improved the position of the surviving wife.

The scheme of the trusts created by the section will be explained in Part V. It would therefore appear that for intestate succession purposes, the law requires a formal legal relationship between the parent and a child; a mere blood relationship pmbahagian not suffice.

The mother will inherit one-third of the estate when previously she was entitled to none. The parent or parents, who were previously not entitled to any share of the estate, are now 19588 to the remaining one-third. This is a significant new development.

Journal of Malaysian and Comparative Law

1598 section 6 1 ii of the pre-amendment principal Act, where a man died leaving a wife and issue, the surviving wife was entitled to pmbahagian of his aita.

Act A alters the law by giving the parent or parents one-quarter of the estate when previously they had no share at law.

Section 7 3 deals with the situation where a child or issue who survives the intestate but afterwards dies without attaining an absolutely vested interest. If an intestate dies leaving a spouse and issue but no parent or parents, the surviving spouse shall be entitled to one-third of the estate and the issue the remaining two-thirds. Now he may only claim the whole estate if the deceased intestate wife left no issue and no parent or parents.